How To Review Your Patent Application

Ensure that the title is sufficiently broad, particularly at the provisional application stage.

List of Inventors

  • Review the list of inventors to ensure that all of the inventors have been included.
  • An inventor is a party who has contributed at least one claim to a patent.
  • The threshold of inventorship is “who conceived the invention.” Reduction to practice is not required.
  • Inventorship is not related to your title or the company you work for.
  • The order of names in the list of inventors is irrelevant. Each position is equal.
  • Inventorship can be corrected after filing if necessary.


Review the Background Section to ensure that only background information is discussed, not your invention.

  • The Background Section might describe the problem that you are trying to solve with your invention.
  • The Background Section might describe disadvantages of prior solutions to the problem.
  • Avoid characterizing relevant art patents in the Background Section unless it is innocuous or particularly beneficial. All known relevant art will need to be listed in an Information Disclosure Statement and provided to the USPTO during examination of the patent and does not need to be listed in the Background Section.
  • The Background Section is not an essential part of the patent application and can be left out if desired.


The Summary Section can include a top level description of your invention. But, mainly the Summary Section restates the claims to ensure that the original claims are supported by the specification (which is another word for the text portion of your patent application). Therefore, your review is better spent elsewhere in the document.

List of Figures

The descriptions of the figures provided in the list of figures is as valuable as the descriptions appearing anywhere else in the specification. Therefore, the descriptions should be checked for accuracy. However, the descriptions can be brief and need not be overly detailed. There are patenting agencies, like patent service InventHelp, that could be helpful.

Detailed Description of the Embodiment

Inventions are typically described through specific examples or embodiment. It is in this section that the embodiment are described and figures are referred to.

  • Ensure that the invention is described as completely as possible.
  • Include as many alternatives (materials, dimensions, designs, etc.) as possible.
  • Each embodiment is described as an example. It is likely that some examples will include some features of your invention and other examples will include others. The embodiment together as a whole should cover the alternatives and possible combinations. This can also be reiterated in a paragraph or two.
  • The description is “fixed” and cannot be changed after the patent application is filed. However, the claims can be changed throughout prosecution.
  • Claims can be written in future applications based on this description (i.e. the description can be “mined” for years).


The claims are often one of the most difficult parts of a patent application to review because they are written to follow a very specific set of rules.

  • The claims define your invention and the scope of what you “own”.
  • The claims will be the basis for determining if someone infringes your patent.
  • The claims must be broad enough to thwart infringers but narrow enough to distinguish over the prior art.
  • When reviewing a claim, think “At a MINIMUM my invention includes…” Independent claims should only list the essential features. A particular element does not need to appear in an independent claim to have coverage by the claim.
  • Most common types of claims: device, system, method.
  • Medical method claims are not allowable in many countries, including Europe.

However, they are allowable in the United States and Australia.


The abstract should be more than 50 words but less than 150 words and should generally describe the invention. Do not use the phrase “the invention…” here since it is occasionally rejected by Examiners.


Review the figures for accuracy. Most aspects of the invention should be illustrated. Medical methods can be described in words, with the assistance of figures if needed, and do not require a flowchart. Figures can be hand-drawn at the time of filing with formalization of the drawings occurring later. As you see it would be wise to have professionals, such as patent invention InventHelp agency, by your side in the process.

Technology Innovators

Perhaps no set of innovations have made a more lasting impression on the world at large than those that involve software and technology. Every aspect of our lives has changed dramatically in the past 15 years, and software is one of the main reasons for this phenomenon. As a result, enterprising professionals are constantly pushing the envelope to come up with the next big thing when it comes to software advancement.

Given the extreme growth in this industry in recent years, the need to properly obtain and manage software patents is more critical now than ever before.

The Nature of Software Patents

Despite the fact that software is relatively new to the market when compared to other products and innovations, the United States government has granted almost 300,000 software patents over time. However, the nature of the software patent could be somewhat surprising to some, as software itself is not something that can be patented. Instead, the underlying processes and certain tangible products related to software are those innovations that generally obtain patent protection in the United States. It is all explained on how to patent an idea with InventHelp article.

Below are a few examples of the types of software patents:

  • A virtual machine or computer
  • A set of code
  • Code that replaces existing hardware and circuitry
  • The process of employing and executing code
  • The function of executing code

While these examples may seem somewhat opaque and even obscure, the foundational thinking behind these norms is that there are several different types of software that essentially perform the same function, and allowing just one set of code to own every aspect of that function’s development would run counter to the existing competition model in the United States. Additionally, different sets of code could provide more advantages to different users in certain circumstances.

Information Needed to Take the First Step

Before you seek a patent for a new type of software, you need to perform a proper search of existing patents or provisional patents. This can be extremely particularized work given the complicated nature of some of these innovations. Below are a few examples of the types of information that would be helpful in regards to deciding whether or not to pursue a software patent:

  • The functional steps involved with the software and how it’s executed
  • Detailing the aspects of the software that could be considered unique in relation to existing patents
  • A clear description of the components of the software that were used to formulate the software
  • Real-world examples of how the software will perform when it’s completed

Of course, more or different information could be necessary based on the specific type of invention you’ve put together, but the basic thrust is that you need to know if your invention could be considered unique before getting involved with the application process. You can find much more information on how to patent something with InventHelp.

Tips for Naming a Cat

Naming a cat can sometimes be easy, and at other times it can be a real chore. Sometimes the first name you choose just sticks, and at other times trying to come up with a good cat name seems as difficult as trigonometry.

If you’re finding it hard to come up with an appropriate name, don’t despair, it’s not as difficult as it seems.

In fact, when it comes to naming a cat the problem is not where to find names, but how to pick from the thousands of choices out there. Great cat names are everywhere!

Don’t believe me? Okay then, here are some ideas to get you started…

But first, tell me a bit about your cat. What’s she like? Is she black or white, a tabby, tortoiseshell, or counterpoint. Is she laid-back or adventurous? A purebred or a moggie? Short or long-haired?

All of these factors will, of course, have some bearing on the name you choose. I’m sure that you want to pick a name that suits your cat, even though she’ll just ignore you when you call her!

Actually, that’s one of the cool things about cat names. Because, unlike with dog names, where it’s important to stick to the one or two syllable convention, with cat names you can really go to town!

Now, personally, I prefer something sensible, but if you want to call your cat “Madame Fifi McDuff Bobby Sox”, go ahead, your cat won’t mind!

For the purposes of this article though, we’ll stick to the (relatively!) “sensible”.

Let’s start off with some cute names, because chances are you cat’s still a kitten, and kittens are just about the cutest things on earth!

There are tons of cute cat names around, so here’s a quick sample – Bambino, Disney, Gidget, Jojo, Kermit, McFly, Pounce, Q-Tip, Swoosie, Uschi, Womble, Ziggy, Zazzle. There is no shortage of cute cat names.

cat names guide

Remember, though, that your cat won’t stay a kitten forever, and while most cats retain their cuteness into adulthood, some ultra-cute names won’t sit well with a serious adult cat.

So if you want to “future-proof” your cat name you may want to choose something slightly less sugary.

But where to start?

We’ll that’s actually quite simple. The easiest way is to choose a name that describes your cat. Let’s say you have a glamorous, pure white Persian. We’ll how about “Marilyn”, after Hollywood’s most glamorous blonde.

Or you can start with something that interests you. That’s right, tap into your hobbies and interests and you have a goldmine when it comes to naming a cat.

Don’t believe me? Okay, then, what’s your poison? What do you do for fun?

Let’s say you’re a music fan. Well, that’s easy. Let’s see there’s, Mozart, Joplin, Jazz, Hendrix, Satchmo, Madonna, Disco, Ozzy, Elvis, to name a few. You could even go for Bjork, or Lady Gaga!

How about movies? Stallone, Sigourney, Harlow, Brando, Garbo, Uma, all work, as do, Travolta, Harpo, Meryl, Dustin and Bronson (to name a few!)

Sports fan? Like baseball? How about Babe, Dizzy, Dazzy, Griffey, Skeeter, Yeagar, Yogi, or maybe, even Strawberry.

And this works for any subject – fashion, art, cars, football, cities, celebrities, hockey…Even the Dewey Decimal system yielded a name for a famous cat (Dewey, a book, soon to be made into a movie). And you can mix the names if you have 2 or more cats, or you could search for twin cat names on internet.

You see, there really is no shortage of cat names when you think about it. Just think of a subject you’re interested in and it’s like turning on a faucet. The names literally come pouring out!

Of course, the easiest way to name your cat is to simply check out the lists cat names sites.

What is a Lease Option?

A Lease Option is a contract where a seller agrees to give the buyer the option to purchase a specific property at an agreed upon price. It is also commonly called a Rent to Own Agreement.

The buyer agrees to pay the seller Option Money, which is not refundable in the event that the buyer elects not to exercise the Option.

The term can vary, but it is typically less than three years. While the buyer is not obligated to purchase the property under a Lease Option, the seller may not sell the property to anyone else during this period. When the agreed upon term expires, so does the option.

Each agreement is unique, but typically a portion of each monthly payment will be applied to the purchase price in what is called a rent credit. This rent credit can (but does not always – this decision is up to the lender) be applied towards the down payment.

Lease Options in Massachusetts are a great alternative to traditional financing for those who do not qualify to purchase a home today. It allows the buyer to lock in a price and begin building equity towards purchasing a home.

Selling a Home with a Lease Option or Rent to Own contract also has benefits. The seller can typically sell their home quickly and for full fair market value, regardless of where the market is. It offers advantages over simply renting a home because lease option tenants typically view the home as their own and as such take better care of the home.